Category Archives: Management Accounting

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Key Financial Ratios – Market Value

There are a number of key financial ratios that can be used to assess a firm’s performance, competitiveness and ability borrow and pay debt. These key financial ratios cover a broad range of performance indicators including: (1) Profitability, (2) Asset Productivity, (3) Liquidity, (4) Solvency / Financial Leverage and (5) Market Value. This tutorial is the last of 5 on key financial ratios. Market Value is covered in this last one. 

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Key Financial Ratios – Solvency / Financial Leverage

There are a number of key financial ratios that can be used to assess a firm’s performance, competitiveness and ability borrow and pay debt. These key financial ratios cover a broad range of performance indicators including: (1) Profitability, (2) Asset Productivity, (3) Liquidity, (4) Solvency / Financial Leverage and (5) Market Value. This tutorial is the fourth of 5 on key financial ratios. Solvency / Financial Leverage is covered in this one. 

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Key Financial Ratios – Liquidity

There are a number of key financial ratios that can be used to assess a firm’s performance, competitiveness and ability borrow and pay debt. These key financial ratios cover a broad range of performance indicators including: (1) Profitability, (2) Asset Productivity, (3) Liquidity, (4) Solvency / Financial Leverage and (5) Market Value. This tutorial is the third of 5 on key financial ratios. Liquidity is covered in this one. 

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Key Financial Ratios – Asset Productivity

There are a number of key financial ratios that can be used to assess a firm’s performance, competitiveness and ability borrow and pay debt. These key financial ratios cover a broad range of performance indicators including: (1) Profitability, (2) Asset Productivity, (3) Liquidity, (4) Solvency / Financial Leverage and (5) Market Value. This tutorial is the second of 5 on key financial ratios. Asset Productivity is covered in this one. 

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Key Financial Ratios – Profitability

There are a number of key financial ratios that can be used to assess a firm’s performance, competitiveness and ability borrow and pay debt. These key financial ratios cover a broad range of performance indicators including: (1) Profitability, (2) Asset Productivity, (3) Liquidity, (4) Solvency / Financial Leverage and (5) Market Value. This tutorial is the first of 5 on key financial ratios. Profitability is covered in this first one. 

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Income Statement Format

A proper income statement format comes in two varieties. The first one discussed here is the single step income statement and the second is the multiple step income statement format. There are key differences between the two and you should know when to use each for the right situation. The downloadable spreadsheet is at the end of the tutorial.

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Cash Flow Analysis

Cash flow analysis is so crucial because cash is king! When evaluating a company’s performance, most stakeholders whether internal or external, are interested in how well the company is generating cash. Having a strong grasp of cash flow analysis can give you great insights into the company’s past, present and future performance. There are a few types of cash flow analysis and in a series of tutorials we will explore the cash flow statement, cash flow ratios, discounted cash flow and free cash flow.

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Basics of Inventory Valuation

For merchandisers, manufacturers and wholesalers, inventory is often times the largest asset item represented on the balance sheet as a current asset. It is considered one of the more liquid assets because the basic assumption is that inventory owned by a company will be sold in the near future and converted to cash (the most liquid of any asset type). Inventory includes items that are ready for sale (finished goods), items in the process of being produced (work in progress) and raw materials that will be used to produce the final goods.

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Difference Between Financial & Management Accounting

Accounting as we know it can be separated into two distinct branches. Although both involve heavy analysis and interpretation of performance data, use of assumptions and reporting in some form or fashion, they are very different in terms of approach and ultimate purpose. For starters, one of the two deals with information that is prepared specifically for external users of the economic information pertaining to a company’s ongoing operations (financial accounting) and the other prepared specifically for a corporation’s internal users enabling them to make better operating decisions (management accounting).

Relationship Between Financial Statements

Relationship Between Financial Statements

Understanding the relationship between financial statements enable you to manage business operations better. The end products of an accounting information system are the four basic financial statements that can be produced. They are :

(1) The Income Statement (2) Statement of Owner’s (Shareholder’s) Equity (3) The Balance Sheet (4) The Statement of Cash Flows

While each statement tells its own story, all four of them are connected to each other directly or indirectly. Understanding the relationship between financial statements will allow you to validate the integrity of the information provided as well as allowing you to build a better foundation for more complicated financial analysis.